Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) is a specific type of fungal infection that typically begins between the toes. A common cause of athlete’s foot is sweaty feet that are confined to tight shoes for a long period of time. Signs and symptoms of athlete’s foot include a scaly rash that usually causes itching, stinging and burning. Athlete’s foot is contagious and should be carefully monitored and treated. Athlete’s foot can easily be treated with antifungal medications, but the infection is likely to recur. Prescription medications also are available.
Corns tend to be smaller than calluses and are the hard center is surrounded by irritated skin. While corns can be found on the bottom of the foot where pressure is usually applied, it is more common that you find corns on the tops and sides of your toes and even between your toes. When pressure is applied, corns can cause significant pain and discomfort.
Calluses, on the other hand, don’t usually cause pain. They usually develop on the soles of your feet, especially under the heels or balls, on your palms, or on your knees. Calluses vary in size and shape and are often larger than corns.
Diabetic Foot Care
Daily preventative care can help you decrease your risk of developing these other serious conditions like ulcers and infections. Inspecting your feet at the end of the day to look for any abnormalities, maintaining proper hygiene, keeping your feet warm in cold weather, encouraging blood flow in the feet, and maintaining an overall healthy lifestyle can discourage other conditions from developing.
A diabetic foot ulcer is a wound that occurs on the foot, heel, or toes of a person with diabetes. The elevated blood glucose levels of a diabetic patient can lead to nerve damage and contribute to a lack of feeling in the feet. If an injury occurs, they may not feel pain and may not be aware of the injury. Furthermore, poor circulation and a weakened immune system commonly associated with diabetes can reduce the body’s ability to heal quickly making diabetic patients prone to infection. It is important to seek treatment immediately if an ulcer is found as diabetic foot ulcers should be treated as soon as possible to minimize the risk of further infection or amputations.
- Avoid cutting or shaving your callus on your own as you may cause more damage
- Inspect your feet daily
- Maintain good blood sugar levels
- Trim your toenails straight across to reduce your risk of ingrown nails that can lead to infection
- Wear shoes that protect and support your feet without causing friction or pressure
With good conservative care by your podiatrist and your cooperation, a diabetic foot ulcer can be managed and treated successfully. We can remove dead skin and foreign objects that may have caused the ulcer as well as treat any signs of infection. In severe cases, surgery may be performed to alleviate pressure around the ulcer. In some severe cases, amputation may be necessary, but it is only used as the last option for treatment and once all other treatment options have been tried and exhausted.
For more information on diabetic foot ulcers or to schedule a consultation, contact our office today at (702) 362-2622.
Foot, ankle and leg ulcers and wounds
Ulcers on the foot may not always come with pain, but they are serious conditions that should be evaluated by a medical professional. The symptoms of ulcers may include drainage, or red, inflamed tissue. To properly diagnose and develop a treatment plan x-rays may be ordered.
Fungal infections in the toe or fingernails can appear as thickened, discolored, or disfigured. While it may seem like the condition is just an aesthetic concern, fungal infections can lead to worsened symptoms and pain. Diabetes, a weakened immune system, and the normal aging process are all causes associated with fungal infections. It is more likely for senior citizens and adults to develop a fungal infection as opposed to children.
We have all made the painful mistake of trimming our nails too short at some point in our lives. Sometimes, this can really affect our foot health by causing ingrown toenails.
This happens when the nail grows downward into the skin instead of straight out, usually causing an infection. Ingrown toenails are most common on the sides of the big toe. It can also be caused by shoe pressure, injury, fungal infections, poor foot structure, etc.
Warm water soaks several times a day, properly fitted shoes and socks, and trimming nails in a straight line (rather than rounded) are ways to treat and prevent painful ingrown toenails. If there is an infection, antibiotics may be prescribed.
Skin lesions and skin Masses
Lesions refer to any abnormal variations in skin color or texture. It may be caused by infection, injury, or abnormal growth of skin tissue. Foot lesions in particular can be painful as the feet are responsible for moving the body and bearing weight constantly. Foot lesions are common in diabetic patients due to nerve damage and poor circulation and can easily go unnoticed if the patient does not check their feet regularly.
Since foot lesions can vary, they are broadly separated into two classifications: benign and malignant. Benign lesions are non-cancerous while malignant lesions are cancerous and pose a risk to the patient’s overall health and wellbeing. Common foot lesions include corns, calluses, fungal infections, bacterial infections, ulcers, warts, tumors, and allergic reactions.
Treatment will focus on eliminating symptoms, healing the lesion, and treating any underlying condition or cause of the lesion. Treatment is often individualized based on the characteristics of the lesion and the state of the patient’s health. Common treatment options include antibiotics, topical medication, special footwear, and surgery. Surgery can be used to cleanse the area of infection, remove lesions or decaying skin, while also treating cases that may have penetrated deeper into the body such as an infection within your bones. If your lesion is cancerous, your treatment will depend on the stage of cancer and how far it has spread.
For more information on foot lesions and how we can help or to schedule a consultation, contact our office today at (702) 362-2622.